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Establishment of Liaison Offices in Turkey

The Ministry is authorized to grant permits and extend such permits to companies established in accordance with the laws of foreign countries to open liaison offices in Turkey, provided that they do not carry out commercial activities in Turkey.

The Ministry evaluates the liaison office opening permit applications of newly established foreign companies within the context of some elements such as the field of activity, the capital and the number of personnel employed and may stipulate the condition for the company to have been operational for at least one year in order to grant the permit.

Applications for establishment and extension shall be finalized within 15 days following the application, provided that the necessary information / documents are complete and proper.

Applications of foreign companies to establish liaison offices so as to operate in sectors subject to special legislation, such as money and capital markets, insurance, etc., will be assessed by authorities and institutions authorized by the relevant special legislation. Within the context of liasion office applications of foreign companies operating in specific sectors which are required to obtain permits, licence and other authorizations in Turkey, the Ministry, where deemed necessary, may consult with the relevant instutions that are authorized to grant such permits.

Necessary Documents
01. The Application Form (Annex-6),
02. The Letter of Commitment indicating the scope of activity of the liaison office and including a statement that the office will not carry out                   commercial activities (Annex-7) and the authorization document of foreign company official who signed the letter,
03. The “Certificate of Activity” of the parent company approved by the relevant Turkish Consulate or approved in accordance with the provisions         of the Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents, prepared on the basis of the Hague Conference         on Private International Law,
04. Operational report or balance sheet and income statement of the parent company,
05. The certificate of authority issued to the name of the person/persons who is/are appointed to carry out the operations of the liaison office,
06. The power of attorney in case that another person will carry out the establishment transactions of the liaison office.
07. In case that the application documents and documents related with the operations of the liaison office are submitted to the General                            Directorate in their original forms, the General Directorate approves the copy and gives the original document back to the applicant.

Provisions Regarding Liaison Offices
Liaison offices, in their first applications, are granted operation permits of 3 years at most. For extensions, the liaison offices are required to make an application before the expiration of their permissions.
The General Directorate evaluates the extension applications within the framework of the past year activities of the liaison office, the foreign company’s prospective business plans and objectives for Turkey, the current and anticipated amount of expenditures and the number of personnel employed in the office and may conclude the application within the following durations that are determined in accordance with the nature of activity. The permits obtained for market research or promotion of products or services of the foreign company are not extended.
Field Of Activity
Representation and Hosting
(Representation of the foreign company at sectoral institutions and relevant
organizations, coordination of business contacts of the company officers,
meeting the office demands of those officers)
Control, Inspection and Provision of Local Suppliers
(Provision of local producers and products for the foreign company and
inspection of those suppliers in terms of the quality standards of the foreign
Technical Support
(Provision of training and technical support services for distributors,
supporting local suppliers for their enhancement of quality standards)
Communication and Transfer of Information
(Collection and transmission of information to the foreign company having
business contacts in Turkey such as the market conditions, consumption
trends, sales of competitors and distributors, performance of distributors)
Regional Management Headquarter
(Particularly oriented to other units of the foreign company in foreign
countries; cooordination and management of some operations such as
formulation of investment and management strategies, planning, promotion,
sales, after sales services, brand management, financial management,
technical support, R&D, external supply, testing of newly developed products,
laboratory services, research and analysis, training of personnel)
Liaison offices, having received their establishment permit, shall send a copy of the tax office registration and the rental contract to the General Directorate latest within 1 month. Liaison offices shall notify the General Directorate of any change in address, liaison representative/representatives and job title of the foreign company latest within 1 month by attaching the new rental contract, the authorization document of the new representative or the document indicating the job title amendment.
Liaison offices shall send the “Data Form for Liaison Office Activities” given as Annex IV of the Regulation and its accompanying documents to the Ministry every year latest until the end of May, so as to inform the Ministry about their activities of the previous year. The extension applications of the liaison offices which do not send this Form and its accompanying documents are not evaluated. Furthermore, operation permits may be cancelled ex officio.
The Ministry, on its own or on the written request of relevant institutions or organizations. may carry out inspections on the liaison offices whether their activities are in conformity with relevant legislation and the field of activity determined in their operation permits. Within the framework of the results of this inspection, the Ministry allows for a period of thirty days to the offices determined to have operated outside the scope of their permissions so as to provide them the opportunity to make an application for their actual operations. This period may be extended for thirty days at most in case of justifiable reasons. The operation permits of the offices which do not make their applications within the given period are cancelled by the Ministry. On the other hand, the Ministry cancels the operation permits of the liaison offices
ascertained, as a result of inspection, to have carried out commercial activities and notifies the relevant institutions thereof.
In the case that the liaison office terminates its activities, the “termination and examination of business note” to be received from the relevant tax office has to be submitted to the General Directorate. Liaison offices cannot claim any money transfer except the residue arising due to the termination and liquidation.
The Laws and Regulations on Liaison Offices
Regulation on the Implementation of FDI Law